2nd Order Crossover Calculator Archive

New improved version of the crossover calc this now includes a graphical plot of the frequency response. Due to the size of the graphics, the form below will submit to a full page version of the calculator. You can select 1st order or 2nd order slopes, with the option of Linkwitz-Riley on 2nd order. We will add 3rd order and 4th order in due course. This calculators works two ways, you can enter the frequencies and impedances and calculate the component values, or you can enter the component values to get the crossover frequencies and see the frequency response. This version also allows different impedance and frequency between Low Pass and High Pass, as well as different slopes. So you could for example have the Low Pass section with a 8 ohm woofer, crossing over at 1200 Hz, and the High Pass at 16 ohms crossing over at 1800 Hz. Combinations like this are becoming increasingly common, as using a 16 ohm HF driver often negates the need to put attenuation in the HF part of the circuit. Also, a typical 1600Hz Butterworth crossover can often have a peak in response around the crossover frequency, particularly if the HF driver is highly efficient – offsetting the crossover frequencies may seem counter-intuitive as it might appear you are leaving a hole in the response, but often the coupling between LF and HF counteracts this. If you already have a crossover, you can simulate the response using the lower part of the controls. Please check you have component values correct, Capacitors should be specified in microFarads (uF) and Inductors in milliHenries (mH). Most pre-built crossovers will have capacitor values printed on the components, unfortunately very few divulge the Inductor values, to get these you will need an appropriate measurement meter.

2nd order Crossover Calc
To get the component values for a crossover, enter the impedances and crossover frequencies for the high pass and low pass sections and then click ‘CALC’
LOW PASS
Low Pass Fc:
Woofer Impedance: Ohms
HIGH PASS
High Pass Fc:
Tweeter Impedance: Ohms
Plot type: POWER AMPLITUDE
To see the response and crossover frequencies for known component values, enter these in uF and mH in the boxes below and click ‘CALC’
C1: uF
L1: mH
C2: uF
L2: mH

 

 

 

 

2nd order Butterworth Passive Crossover Calculator

Posted April 23, 2014 By Andy Kos

To save you time, we’ve put together a calculator for one of the most common passive crossovers, a 2nd order Butterworth. You can configure the Impedance of the woofer and tweeter, and the crossover frequency.

C1, C2, L1 and L2 correspond to the relavant capacitors and inductors in the diagram below:

2nd order Crossover medium

Where Vin is connected to the positive terminal of your amplifier, and 0V is the negative terminal. The dots on the circuit signify where components/wires are connected. L2 connects to the input, and NOT to 0V, hence the ‘loop’ in the wire in the diagram.